Challenger 85C

Challenger 85C Technical Specifications

Challenger 85C is a Row-Crop tractor that was produced by the John Deere between 1994 – 1996.

Below you will find detailed technical specifications for Challenger 85C covering engine types, horsepower ratings, weight, height, fuel type and tank volume, oil capacity and type, hydraulic system diagram, wiring diagram, battery specs, etc.

Challenger 85C Production

Manufacturer Challenger (a part of Caterpillar)
Agricultural Crawler tractor
Built in Peoria, Illinois, USA

Challenger 85C Power

Engine: 272.42 hp
203.1 kW
PTO (tested) 304.57 hp
227.1 kW

Challenger 85C Electrical

Ground negative
Charging system alternator
Charging amps 115
Batteries 2
Battery CCA 900
Battery volts 12

Challenger 85C Mechanical

Drive crawler
Power steering
Hydraulic wet disc brakes
Cab standard.


Fuel 209 gal
791.1 L
Hydraulic system 29 gal
109.8 L


Type closed center
Capacity 29 gal
109.8 L
Pressure 2550 psi
175.8 bar
Valves 4
Pump flow 27 gpm
102.2 lpm
  35 gpmOptOptional
132.5 lpm
Steering flow 61.4 gpm
232.4 lpm
Steering press. 6090 psi
419.9 bar

Power Take-off (PTO)

Rear RPM 1000

Challenger 85C Engine detail

Engine Detail
Caterpillar 3176 ATAAC
turbocharged intercooled diesel
liquid-cooled inline
Displacement 629 ci
10.3 L
Bore/Stroke 4.92×5.51 inches
125 x 140 mm
Power 355 hp
264.7 kW
Air cleaner dual dry elements
Pre-heating ether injection
  block heater
Compression 16:1
Rated RPM 2100
Starter electric
Starter volts 12
Oil capacity 31.7 qts
30.0 L
Coolant capacity 80 qts
75.7 L

Challenger 85C Transmission overview

Engine Oil

Type full power shift
Gears 10 forward and 2 reverse
Oil capacity 60 qts
56.8 L

Challenger 85C Dimensions

Wheelbase 107.1 inches
272 cm
Length 232 inches
589 cm
Width 120 inches
304 cm
Height (cab) 128 inches
325 cm
Height (exhaust) 144 inches
365 cm
Operating weight 33645 lbs
15261 kg
Clearance (drawbar) 15 inches
38 cm
Gauge 90 inches
228 cm

Challenger 85C Tests

OCED Tractor Test 1687

OCED Tractor Test 1687
Diesel 10-speed crawler
April 4 – 7, 1995
Link: OCED Tractor Test 1687 file
PTO performance
Max power 304.57 hp
227.1 kW
Fuel use 16.5 gal/hour
62.5 l/hour
Power at rated engine speed 284.08 hp
211.8 kW
Fuel use 16.1 gal/hour
60.9 l/hour
Power at rated PTO speed 289.86 hp
216.1 kW
Fuel use 16.1 gal/hour
60.9 l/hour
Drawbar performance
Max power 272.42 hp
203.1 kW
Fuel use 17.3 gal/hour
65.5 l/hour
Gear 3 used for power test.
Max pull 33,673 lbs
15274 kg
Gear 1 used for pull test.


Is Challenger 85C a good tractor?

The Challenger 85C is one of the great tractors in the Challenger (a part of Caterpillar) stable, and it has earned Challenger (a part of Caterpillar) a fantastic reputation.

How much oil does a Challenger 85C take?

Check out the Challenger 85C oil capacity and oil type in the engine specs section as it may vary across the engines. Keep in mind, that older models might have their oil capacity increased over time. You may compare between the early and late oil capacity.

Do tractors have VIN numbers?

Every tractor has a VIN number. The number is usually engraved below the driver’s seat. Tractor manufacturers put the number in different places on the tractor body.

What was the last year Challenger (a part of Caterpillar) made the 85C?

The Challenger 85C was an agricultural tractor model made from 1994 – 1996

How much horsepower is a Challenger 85C?

The 85C engine tested at 272.42 hp
203.1 kW drawbar and 304.57 hp
227.1 kW kW PTO horsepower.

How much does a Challenger 85C tractor weight?

Depending on the engine type, the Challenger 85C weight ranges from 33645 lbs
15261 kg .

How much can a Challenger 85C Pull?

The max pulling capacity of the Challenger 85C tractors starts at 33,673 lbs
15274 kg but may be slightly higher depending on the trim.

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