Ford TW-20

Ford TW-20 Row-Crop tractor Technical Specifications

Ford TW-20 is a Row-Crop tractor that was produced by the John Deere between 1979 – 1983.

Below you will find detailed technical specifications for Ford TW-20 covering engine types, horsepower ratings, weight, height, fuel type and tank volume, oil capacity and type, hydraulic system diagram, wiring diagram, battery specs, etc.

Ford TW-20 Production

Manufacturer: Ford
Type: Row-Crop tractor
Factory: Romeo, Michigan, USA
Original price: $40,648

Ford TW-20 Power

Engine (gross): 157.1 hp
117.1 kW
Engine: 144.5 hp
107.8 kW
Drawbar (claimed): 121.5 hp
90.6 kW
PTO (claimed): 135 hp
100.7 kW
Drawbar (tested): 116.64 hp
87.0 kW
PTO (tested): 135.60 hp
101.1 kW

Ford TW-20 Electrical

Charging system: alternator
Charging amps: 72
Battery volts: 12
Battery AH: 128

Ford TW-20 Mechanical

Chassis: 4×2 2WD
  4×4 MFWD 4WD optional
Steering: power
Brakes: differential hydraulic wet discs
Cab: Cab optional with available air-conditioning.
Transmissions: 16-speed


Fuel: 33 gal
124.9 L
  25 gal
94.6 L (auxiliary tank)
Hydraulic system: 18.25 gal
69.1 L
  19.75 gal
74.8 L (Dual Power)


Type: open center
Capacity: 18.25 gal
69.1 L
  19.75 gal
74.8 L (Dual Power)
Pressure: 2500 psi
172.4 bar
Pump flow: 16 gpm
60.6 lpm
  8 gpm
30.3 lpm (service pump)
Steering flow: 4.2 gpm
15.9 lpm

Tracktor Hitch

Rear Type: III
Rear lift (at 24″/610mm): 5,700 lbs
2585 kg

Power Take-off (PTO)

Rear PTO: independent
Rear RPM: 540/1000

Ford TW-20 Engine detail

Engine Detail
turbocharged diesel
Displacement: 401 ci
6.6 L
Bore/Stroke: 4.40×4.40 inches
112 x 112 mm
Power: 144.5 hp
107.8 kW
Power (gross): 157.1 hp
117.1 kW
Air cleaner: dry with precleaner
Compression: 15.6:1
Rated RPM: 2200
Torque: 416 lb-ft
564.1 Nm
Torque RPM: 1600
Firing order: 1-5-3-6-2-4
Starter volts: 12
Oil capacity: 20 qts
18.9 L
Coolant capacity: 22 qts
20.8 L
  23.5 qts
22.2 L (with heater)
Intake valve clearance: 0.014-0.016 inches
0.356 mm
Exhaust valve clearance: 0.017-0.019 inches
0.432 mm

Ford TW-20 Transmission overview

Engine Oil

Transmission: Dual Power
Gears: 16 forward and 4 reverse
Clutch: 356mm cerametallic disc
Oil capacity: 79 qts
74.8 L
The Dual Power pedal is located to the right of the clutch pedal. Pushing heel-down on the pedal engages an underdrive. The Dual Power may be shifted on the move.

Ford TW-20 Dimensions

Wheelbase: 109.7 inches
278 cm
  94 inches
238 cm (short)
Length: 175.6 inches
446 cm
Width: 104.32 inches
264 cm
Ground clearance: 25.2 inches
64 cm (2WD)
  16 inches
40 cm (4WD)
Rear axle: Bar: 84 inch length
2133 mm
Rear axle: Bar: 105 inch length
2667 mm
Front tread: 60 to 84 inches
152 to 213 cm
Rear tread: 60 to 90 inches
152 to 228 cm
Rear tread: 60 to 110 inches
152 to 279 cm

Ford TW-20 Weight
  12,250 lbs
5556 kg
  12,850 lbs
5828 kg (cab)
Ballasted: 18,000 lbs
8164 kg

Ford TW-20 Height
Hood: 80 inches
203 cm
ROPS: 112.7 inches
286 cm
Cab: 116 inches
294 cm
Exhaust: 127.4 inches
323 cm

Ford TW-20 Tests

Nebraska Tractor Test 1300

Nebraska Tractor Test 1300
Diesel 16-speed 2WD
March 22 – April 10, 1979
Link: Nebraska Tractor Test 1300 file
PTO performance
Power at rated engine speed: 135.60 hp
101.1 kW
Fuel use: 8.9 gal/hour
33.7 l/hour
Power at rated PTO speed: 131.43 hp
98.0 kW
Fuel use: 8.1 gal/hour
30.7 l/hour
Drawbar performance
Max power: 116.64 hp
87.0 kW
Fuel use: 8.9 gal/hour
33.7 l/hour
Gear 5PD used for power test.
Max pull: 14155 lbs
6420 kg
Gear 2PD used for pull test.


Is Ford TW-20 a good tractor?

The Ford TW-20 is one of the great tractors in the Ford stable, and it has earned Ford a fantastic reputation.

How much oil does a Ford TW-20 take?

Check out the Ford TW-20 oil capacity and oil type in the engine specs section as it may vary across the engines. Keep in mind, that older models might have their oil capacity increased over time. You may compare between the early and late oil capacity.

Do tractors have VIN numbers?

Every tractor has a VIN number. The number is usually engraved below the driver’s seat. Tractor manufacturers put the number in different places on the tractor body.

What was the last year Ford made the TW-10

The Ford TW-20 was an agricultural tractor model made from 1979 – 1983

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