Hesston 780

Hesston 780 Utility tractor Technical Specifications

Hesston 780 is a Row-Crop tractor that was produced by the John Deere between 1981 – 1984.

Below you will find detailed technical specifications for Hesston 780 covering engine types, horsepower ratings, weight, height, fuel type and tank volume, oil capacity and type, hydraulic system diagram, wiring diagram, battery specs, etc.

Hesston 780 Production

Manufacturer: Hesston (a part of Fiat)
Type: Utility tractor
Original price: $23,500 (1984 )

Hesston 780 Power

PTO (claimed): 70 hp
52.2 kW
Drawbar (tested): 62.88 hp
46.9 kW
PTO (tested): 70.57 hp
52.6 kW

Hesston 780 Electrical

Charging system: alternator
Charging amps: 45
  55*The 55A alternator was used on tractors with cab and air-conditioning.
Battery volts: 12

Hesston 780 Mechanical

Chassis: 4×2 2WD
  4×4 MFWD 4WD
Steering: power
Brakes: differential hydraulic wet disc
Cab: ROPS standard, Supercomfort cab optional with air conditioning. Optional radio, cassette, and CB radio.
Transmissions: 8-speed partially synchronized
  8-speed mechanical shuttle


Type: open center
Pressure: 2702 psi
186.3 bar
Valves: 2
Pump flow: 11 gpm
41.6 lpm

Tracktor Hitch

Rear Type: II

Power Take-off (PTO)

Rear PTO: independent
Rear RPM: 540

Hesston 780 Engine detail

Engine Detail
Fiat 8045
Displacement: 224 ci
3.7 L
Bore/Stroke: 4.03×4.33 inches
102 x 110 mm
Compression: 17:1
Rated RPM: 2500
Starter: electric
Starter volts: 12

Hesston 780 Transmission overview

Engine Oil

Type: partially synchronized
Gears: 8 forward and 2 reverse
Four gears with high and low ranges provide eight forward speeds. Gears 3/4 are synchronized in both ranges.

Hesston 780 Dimensions

Wheelbase: 89 inches
226 cm
2WD Length: 135 inches
342 cm
4WD Length: 144 inches
365 cm

Hesston 780 Weight
2WD Operating: 5495 lbs
2492 kg
4WD Operating: 6200 lbs
2812 kg
Ballasted: 10100 lbs
4581 kg

Hesston 780 Height
2WD Hood: 59.5 inches
151 cm
4WD Hood: 60 inches
152 cm
ROPS: 102.5 inches
260 cm
Cab: 103.5 inches
262 cm

Hesston 780 Tests

Nebraska Tractor Test 1294

Nebraska Tractor Test 1294
Diesel 16-speed 2WD
October 19 – November 1, 1978
Link: Nebraska Tractor Test 1294 file
PTO performance
Power at rated engine speed: 70.36 hp
52.5 kW
Fuel use: 4.7 gal/hour
17.8 l/hour
Power at rated PTO speed: 66.30 hp
49.4 kW
Fuel use: 4.3 gal/hour
16.3 l/hour
Drawbar performance
Max power: 62.88 hp
46.9 kW
Fuel use: 4.5 gal/hour
17.0 l/hour
Gear 4N used for power test.

Nebraska Tractor Test 1386

Nebraska Tractor Test 1386
Diesel 8-speed 4WD
April 21 – 29, 1981
Link: Nebraska Tractor Test 1386 file
PTO performance
Power at rated engine speed: 70.57 hp
52.6 kW
Fuel use: 4.4 gal/hour
16.7 l/hour
Power at rated PTO speed: 66.67 hp
49.7 kW
Fuel use: 4.0 gal/hour
15.1 l/hour
Drawbar performance
Max power: 59.97 hp
44.7 kW
Fuel use: 4.4 gal/hour
16.7 l/hour


Is Hesston 780 a good tractor?

The Hesston 780 is one of the great tractors in the Hesston (a part of Fiat) stable, and it has earned Hesston (a part of Fiat) a fantastic reputation.

How much oil does a Hesston 780 take?

Check out the Hesston 780 oil capacity and oil type in the engine specs section as it may vary across the engines. Keep in mind, that older models might have their oil capacity increased over time. You may compare between the early and late oil capacity.

Do tractors have VIN numbers?

Every tractor has a VIN number. The number is usually engraved below the driver’s seat. Tractor manufacturers put the number in different places on the tractor body.

What was the last year Hesston (a part of Fiat) made the 680

The Hesston 780 was an agricultural tractor model made from 1981 – 1984

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